The Ankara Metro (Turkish: Ankara Metrosu) is the rapid transit system serving Ankara, the capital of Turkey. At present, Ankara's rapid transit system consists of four metro lines, which are called Ankaray, Batıkent Metrosu (M1) and two newly opened lines, namely "Çayyolu Metrosu (M2)" and "Törekent Metrosu (M3)". One additional metro line between Tandoğan and Keçiören is currently under construction and planned to be opened in December 2014. Also, another line (approx. 30km) between Kızılay and Ankara Esenboğa Airport is being projected for the next phase of expansion.
The Ankaray (from Ankara ray, meaning Ankara rail), termed a "Light Metro" system, was the first phase of the modern rapid transit network of the city. The Ankaray was constructed by a consortium headed by Siemens over a period of four years (1992-1996). The line runs between AŞTİ (Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi - Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) and Dikimevi, covering a distance of 8.7 km, of which 8 km is through underground tunnels. The line has 11 stations.
The Ankaray line is planned to be extended to a length of 22 km with a carrying capacity of 25,000 passengers per hour per direction, by 2015.
Ankaray vehicles are Siemens-Adtranz-Ansaldobreda, S.P.A. (AnsaldoBreda) M1, M2 and M3, which have an operational top speed of 80 km/h, and are equipped with regenerative braking.
The system is served by 11 trains each consisting of three vehicles. Each train is 77 metres long and has 180 seats with a maximum of 600 passengers.
The Ankara Metro, has been operating since 1997 and runs from Kızılay, the city center, to Batıkent and Koru, and from Batıkent to Törekent. Also, there exists a suburb in the northwest of Ankara. The line excluding the suburb is 47 km long and has 34 stations.
Construction of the following metro line is currently underway:
The prime minister announced the opening of the Tandoğan-Keçiören line in 2014. Another extension of the network to the south is being considered. The TBMM–Dikmen line would run for 4.8 km and have five new stations. The expanded Ankara Metro is expected to reach a carrying capacity of 58,000 passengers per hour per direction in the near future.
The vehicles used on the Ankara Metro are Bombardier Transportation-built modified versions of Toronto, Canada's H6 subway model, which were originally built by Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC), a company later purchased by Bombardier. The system has a total of 108 vehicles, which are usually configured as 18 trains of six vehicles each. The cars have no forward- or rear-facing seats, and no seats at the front or rear. The car's seats are made of rigid plastic.